Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport in China is located 28km (17
miles) from the center of Guangzhou which is the capital of
Guangdong province (formerly Canton) in China. The new state-of-the-art
airport was opened in August 2004, replacing the former International
Guangzhou airport with the same name which has now been abandoned.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is one of China's largest
aviation hubs in South China and home to China Southern Airlines.
Taxis to the center of Guangzhou are available outside the
arrival hall of Guangzhou airport, but have your destination
written in Chinese as most of the drivers don't speak English.
The airport has many restaurants, bars and fast-food outlets.
A shopping center and booths with small shops are located
in the main terminal building. The international departure
hall of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport has a large
selection of duty-free shops. Most major Chinese banks have
currency exchange counters and international ATM tellers in
the main terminal building. Accommodation available in Guangzhou
hotels near the airport.
Established in the 1930s, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
is one of the three large hub airports in the Chinese mainland,
holding a decisively important status in the layout of China’s
civil airports. It ranked the second best airport in the appraisal
of China’s 500 biggest enterprises in service industry
in 1994. It was listed as one of the Top 500 State-owned Enterprises
in 1994 and was selected by the CAAC as “Airport with
Best Service” in 1998.
The new Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, with a total
investment of 19.8 billion yuan, was formally put into operation
on August 5, 2004. Covering an area of 15 square kilometers,
the airport is the first in China that was designed and built
in the light of hub concept. The two parallel runways in the
first phase of the construction were built with navigation
grade 4E. The terminal area was designed to accommodate a
projected passenger turnover of 25 million in 2010. Covering
an area of 320,000 square meters, the first phase of the terminal
complex is the biggest one of its kind in China and all its
equipment and facilities are up to the international standard.
Baiyun Airport has set up business relations with 33 airlines
and opened more than 110 air routes to over 100 cities at
home and abroad thanks to its ability to serve with nearly
30 types of aircraft. China Southern Airlines and Shenzhen
Airlines are two home carriers of the airport.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport has been certified
by the World Health Organization (WHO) as meeting WHO sanitary
standards, and titled the "International Sanitary Airport",
announce an official from WHO in Guangzhou yesterday (Apr.5).
Baiyun International Airport is the sixth airport in the
mainland to receive this honor, after Shenzhen Baoan International
Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport, Shanghai Pudong
International Airport, Hainan Meilan International Airport
and Nanjing Lukou International Airport
During Guangdong's 11th five-year plan from 2006 to 2010,
11.4 billion yuan will be invested into the Baiyun International
Airport expansion project and FedEx Express Asian service
By then, Baiyun International Airport will open 50 new international
routes and achieve 15 percent of passenger transfer rate and
30 percent of cargo transfer rate.
The Airport's passenger throughput will reach 38 to 40 million
and freight throughput will be 1.6 to 2 million tons, respectively
ranking in the top 20 and top 15 in the world. The airport
aims to become the aviation hinge in Asia and the Pacific
History of Guangzhou New Baiyun Airport
Beijing Airport was opened on March 2, 1958, and was the first in the People's Republic of China. The airport consisted of one small terminal building, which still stands to this day, apparently for the use of VIPs and charter flights. On January 1, 1980, a newer, larger building -- green in colour -- opened, with docks for 10–12 airplanes. The terminal was larger than the 1950s one, but by the mid 1990s it was too small. The terminal was then closed for renovation after the opening of Terminal 2.
In late 1999, to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, the airport was expanded again. This new terminal opened on November 1, and was named Terminal 2. September 20, 2004, saw the opening of a new Terminal 1 for a few airlines, including China Southern Airlines domestic and international flights from Beijing. Other airlines' domestic and international flights still operate in Terminal 2.
Another expansion, terminal 3 (T3) was completed in February 2008, in time for the Beijing Olympics. This colossal expansion includes a third runway and another terminal for Beijing airport, and a rail link to the city centre. It will become one of the largest airports in the world in terms of land size, and a major landmark in Beijing representing the growing and developing Chinese city.
International Departure Hall Terminal 2. Also serving flights to Taiwan, Hong Kong and MacauOn January 29, 2005, direct flights between Mainland China and Taiwan via the areas over Hong Kong and Macao took place after 56 years, mainly to allow families and relatives on the two sides of the strait to get together for Chinese New Year. Flying to Taiwan were planes from Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. This became known as a part of the Three Links.
The United States' Department of Transportation, in coordination with China's Civil Aviation Administration, have approved several U.S. carriers to fly routes between the countries. The coordination has been the work of several bilateral civilian air agreements, including the most recent one signed in 2004 that paved the way for the number of daily flights between China and the United States to increase by five-fold.
The third runway of BCIA opened on October 29, 2007 to relieve congestion on the other two runways.
Due to the rapid growth of passenger and traffic movements and the limited space for expansion, and since 10,000 people had seen their homes destroyed for Terminal 3 and the new metro line, the Airport authority plans to build a new airport within Beijing, to begin construction in 2010 and finish at 2015, however, it will not affect Beijing Capital International Airport. From 2000 Beijing Capital International Airport handled 21.7 million passengers, ranking 42nd in the world and in 2006, it handled 48.5 million passengers, jumping from 42nd place to 9th place in only 6 years.